Dyslexia & Reading Difficulties
Dyslexia is the most common learning difficulty, predominantly known as a difficulty with learning to read and write. As a specific learning difficulty it only affects a certain abilities used for learning to read and write, rather than intelligence or cognitive functions.
It is estimated that 1 in 10 adults in the UK have a certain degree of dyslexia.
Dyslexics also have a varied comprehension of language. Other difficulties include:
- Phonological awareness – awareness of all sounds, this is the ability to hear and distinguish sounds.
- Phonological decoding – ability to decode words and non-words by sounding them out.
- Processing speed – taking longer to process information or perform a task.
- Orthographic coding – ability to store written words in working memory.
- Auditory short-term memory – ability to retain spoken information.
There are three subtypes of dyslexia; visual, auditory and attentional. Dyslexia is mainly considered to be an afferent (receptive) language based learning difficulty, but it can also impact the efferent (expressive) language skills.
People with dyslexia may:
- read and write very slowly
- confuse the order of letters in words
- be confused by letters that look similar and write letters the wrong way round (such as “b” and “d”)
- have poor or inconsistent spelling
- understand information when told verbally, but have difficulty with information that’s written down
- find it hard to carry out a sequence of directions
- struggle with planning and organisation
Being dyslexic will not affect your eye test, in fact we have several alternatives to the traditional letter chart. You can contact our team here to arrange your appointment.